Delayed onset muscle soreness or DOMS is also known as muscle fever. It occurs when you have been working out your muscles and worked them out really good. It’s the pain we all feel when we get out of bed after leg day. “Ouch god dam legs, I can barely stand up” or when we drop things and have to pick them up. “Jesus! I definitely performed with them dead lifts yesterday” It’s the soreness stiffness and aching you feel for up to 48 hours after exercising. This soreness or pain can be felt as soon as 4 hours after working out.
It is thought that this phenomenon occurs when you perform eccentric (lengthening) muscle contractions when working out. These contractions cause micro-traumas to the muscle fibres in and around the muscles you are working out.
The human body is highly adaptive, and the soreness that we experience is from the body rapidly adapting to the micro-traumas in order to prevent muscle damage. This is why soreness is experienced when similar movements are repeated. Just because the fact your muscles are aching does necessarily mean that they are going to get stronger at a faster rate if you weren’t.
The best way to treat DOMS is to heat up the body then rapidly cool it. Once cooled compress (contact) the body part which is suffering. Be sure to elevate the body part and then rest, allowing plenty of time for the muscle to recover. Failure to look after yourself could lead to longer soreness or even a sustained injury.
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